March 30, 2021

Summer Solstice: The Longest Day Of The Year

How often does it happen that you are stuck with a geography topic that is entirely unknown to you? You need extra study time to read books related to the topic, know the basic knowledge, and get to its depth. One such geography topic that students often have to write on is the longest day of the year. Today, we will share insightful knowledge on the topic to help you write an informative assignment about the Summer Solstice. This blog will cover all the important details you would need to write an assignment on the topic.

When is the longest day of the year?

The longest day of the year, also known as summer solstice occurs on 21st June. A solstice is an astronomical event that happens twice a year, once in summer and once in winter. During this time, the maximum tilt of the Earth’s axis is at 230 26′. During June, the Northern Hemisphere experiences summer solstice whereas the southern hemisphere has a winter solstice.

So, while the UK gets the longest day of the year, Australia, South Africa, Argentina, etc. gets the shortest day of the year. Now that you have covered the basic let’s share with you 11 interesting facts about the June Solstice.

8 interesting Facts about the Summer or June Solstice

The date 21st June is the longest day of the year in most time zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The experts from share with you eight interesting facts about the June Solstice to make your geography assignment more informative.

Here are the eight cool facts about the longest day of the year:

  • The solstice occurs twice a year

Solstices happen twice a year – once in June and again in December. During the summer solstice (21st June), the Sun is directly over the Tropic of Cancer. On the other hand, during the Winter Solstice (21st December), the Sun is over the Tropic of Capricorn.

  • The Sun takes a pause

The word solstice originally comes from a Latin word sol, which means Sun and sister. The original meaning of the word is coming to a halt. During the June solstice, the Sun gets to the northernmost position. One will find it interesting how the zenith does not move north or south. It stands still at the Tropic of Cancer. Again, it reverses its direction to move towards the south.

During the winter solstice, you will see the opposite happening. During this time, the Sun goes to its southernmost position. It stands still in the Tropic of Cancer and reverses towards the north direction.

  • The position of Earth is farthest from the Sun

You might think that due to the summer in the Northern hemisphere, it probably means Earth is closest to the Sun during this time. But in reality, it is actually the opposite. The Earth is farthest from the Sun during the June solstice. After the June solstice, the Earth will actually be on its Aphelion.

The change of seasons is not because of the distance of the Earth from the Sun. The real cause of season changing is the tilt of the Earth’s rotational axis.

  • You will not see the earliest sunrise on this day

Although it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere, you will be surprised to know that most places do not see the earliest sunrise on that specific day. It happens a few days before the June solstice.

  • The longest day of the year can be June 20, 21 or 22

Although 21st June is considered the longest day of the year worldwide, it actually can happen anytime between 20th to 22ndJune. However, a 22nd June solstice is very rare. The last 22nd June solstice occurred back in 1975 in UTC, and it will not happen until 2203.

  • Not the hottest day of the year

One might think that the longest day of the year would naturally mean the hottest day of the year, but that is far from the truth. It usually comes a few weeks or months after the solstice. By now, you might be wondering “Why is that?” The oceans and landmasses take time to warm up, which results in a higher air temperature. This particular phenomenon is known as a delay or lag of the seasons.

  • 24 hours of daylight in the Arctic Circle

All Arctic Circle locations will experience 24 hours daylight on June Solstice. This happens due to atmospheric refraction.

  • June solstice is celebrated all around the world

People worldwide celebrate the June Solstice with picnics, feasts and music. A lot of cultures holda special place of celebration for this day.

If you happen to write your geography assignment on the longest day of the year, you can include all the facts discussed in this post. If you need more guidance while composing the assignment on the topic, you can just share your requirements with us.

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Bella Phillips

Bella Phillips is an essay writer at who is associated with the company for the past six years. She has finished her master's degree from the University of South West England and has served as a guest lecturer at several colleges.

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