Many primitive families and societies in the present day in Australia have to face tremendous challenges. People from these societies are sufferers because of various reasons. It has been noticed that their strength is one of the most important things which has been compromised because of various complex reasons. Since long they are going in the denial mode following their history, they are not ready to move ahead with the current scenario. Racism is the major flaw which they have been continuously following since long. As per the policies, they are sticking to their old formed policies of forcefully removing and absorbing the culture. These all factors are responsible for the poverty, lack of employment for their community, they are more violent in nature also the substance abuse is one of the most common problems among all. Definitely these all factors have their impact on the children of the indigenous community, children are malnourished, have poor education and also socially they are less developed as compared to the children from non-indigenous families.
The community development program in Australia is mainly focused upon the Aboriginal societies, since the period of the 1980s to the 21st century. Various Community development programs were launched by the Australian government for the betterment of the people concerned. Various schemes were formed under which the Aboriginal people were made to be employed. Schemes like “a work for the dole" under which even the non-government institutions were given the choice to apply for either full-time or part-time (Department of Human Services, 2016). These schemes were funded by the social security department. Heretofore Dr Jim of Curtin University came up with the textbook which enlightened people on the topic of community development.
Planning for developmental projects and delivering those services to Indigenous children and communities is actually a complicated exercise for the practitioners as well as for the policy makers. Social problems in the indigenous society are so deeply rooted that the approach needs to be in consideration with the history, and it should be in accordance with their social community and should meet the individual needs. Not only this, the culture of Australian Indigenous society is heterogeneous. The culture of the Indigenous community is considerably different. Their characteristics vary with geographic location; their variation is significant with the varied location. Their variation is significantly conspicuous across urban, agrarian and far-flung least accessible areas.
THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME: The programmes meant for community development is for providing employment in the remote community and to incorporate the development services. The CDP works on two main area : firstly it helps in finding the right kind of job for the people and secondly they make them capable so that they can contribute to their own society and letting them gain various skills side by side when they are looking up for their job.
With its great effort and results, CDP has become one of the most crucial parts of the agenda started by the Australian Government for the indigenous community (Central Land Council, 2016). CDP has been efficient in providing employment and also for breaking the dependency of remote people of Australia for their welfare.
The community development program is flexible in their functioning. They take the decision at the local level according to the scenario. So the solution is provided at local level. These programs let the job seekers to work for nearly 25 hours each week which in turn is beneficial for their society. The type of Activities they perform under these programs vary according to the person capability, depends on their community and most importantly its most suited according to their local market. These programmes are held majorly in the remote area so that more opportunities are provided for the people and development of these communities is also done side by side. Volunteers of the programme not help in getting them the appropriate job but also educate them for their better well-being and teach them how to continue their income support (Hunt, 2013).
All the participants who work under community development program in the remote areas of Australia all are entitled to personalized assistance by the providers, they help the participants to build up their skills, which in turn will help them in getting the better job and they will be able to put their maximum effort and capability in right direction. With these programs, the job seekers get the additional benefit of gaining at least six months of experience of working in real work environment.
Various programs and different projects have been designed from time to time by the Australian government for the wellbeing of the ingenious community. As these communities are failing and lacking in some basic needs. To fill up these socio-economics gaps as compared to mainstream people of Australia these programs come up as a great help for these societies. As these communities have the least interest in such programs because of their inherent culture which they are sticking to till date. The volunteers of these programs actually help the people from these communities to overcome their fallies and provide them with the better options with the latest engagement strategies for the development of the Aboriginal (Australian Government, 2016).
As these people are so naïve that it is like complete personality development programme is involved. The process of building up of their determination, strengthening of the community and also good governance is promoted by the participants from the local people is required. The programs are designed in such a manner that they actively participate and they are motivated in such a manner that they get inclined to take the initiative. Undoubtedly these tasks are quite challenging, which requires the innovative idea to get it successful (Christie & Verran, 2010).
The basic principle which helps in the development of this society is that the organizers should follow the principle of working with them rather than the concept of working on the Indigenous communities.
Check with the past results - Since so many years many organizations have been working for the development of the indigenous society, but many of the programs got failed. To achieve success with the plan detail research should be carried out to make out the areas of flaws.
The CLC has also been working for the development of the Aboriginal society since 2005. They started the development approach since 2005. They follow the way in which put forward their action plan in partnership with the people of Indigenous communities. This agenda was followed in order to make the way for the resources of their own society so that they can maintain their identity, their culture. This way they will always feel connected to their country and while staying connected they can strengthen their existing capabilities so that they can make themselves capable for later to participate in the mainstream of Australian employment by improving their health and advancing their education level.
The Organizations which worked for the development of the Indigenous people have to ensure that their services need to be culturally competent.
The Indigenous Australians are one who has been following their culture since long and they are not ready to make any amendments or adapt any new changes within their culture which make them noticeably different from the mainstream Australians. Because of these vast cultural differences, there has been a difference in connotation for the policies as well as for their practice. As the Indigenous people do not wish to adapt to the present day cultural context, so the organizations need to make little changes in the working of any project in order to get long-term improved outcomes. For this, the organizations need to culturally competent so that (1) they are capable of forming structure of the services, (2) knowledge of definite practices and system employed, (3) involves detailed selection of the individual, training of each staff members (Department of the Prime Minister and Cabiner, 2016).
In order to deliver social services successfully staff enrolled should be competent enough to meet the demand and work in accordance. This kind of scenario works more effectively for providing specific services for the Indigenous community, where getting success is solely or majorly focused on being culturally competent. Having the trustworthy relationship with the community is the key to success. The staff has to be proficient in following aspects: -
Managing the networks and building the relationships: According to the research it has been found that the programs which work solely without the involvement of local people (Indigenous community) they have suffered a lot to meet the needs and have also led the families at risk. On the other hand, the programs which were organized with the collaboration of the local people and government organizations have been proved to reap better results with the right support (Team, 2016).
The organizations which have collaborated with the Indigenous services are the organizations which worked for family services, the local business like drugs and of alcohol services, the collaboration has also been seen in health services, in various schools and institutions and for various child caring centers, libraries, local shops etc.
It has been observed that there has to be a compatibility with the method used for research and conventional cultural practices followed by the Indigenous people (Team, 2012).
The community development programs are now followed and delivered in more than 62 regions and for more than 1100 communities in Australia. The community development programs are supporting nearly 37,005 Australians out of which nearly 80.2 percent of the people are from the Aboriginal community and Torres Strait.
From the time when the community development programs have started, there has been tremendous rise among the job seekers from Indigenous society and also there has been a rise in the development of their skills and in turn they have contributed in helping their own community. It has been observed that from June to December 2015 there was a high rise in the job seekers in the remote area. It has risen from 47 percent to 68.6 percent.
Community development works to empower the people by finding the inherent skills and polishing them in accordance with the type of job they would be able to do justice. These approaches and strategies have been recognized internationally.
Australian Government, 2016. Sport for Community Development. Sport for Community Development.
Burchill, M. & Higgins, D., 2005. Indigenous Community Development. Indigenous Community Development, November.
Central Land Council, 2016. Community Development. Community Development,
Christie, M. & Verran, H., 2010. Learning Communities: International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts ARCHIVE. International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts ARCHIVE, Volume 2.
Department of Human Services, 2016. Community Development Programme.
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabiner, 2016. THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (CDP). THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (CDP).
Duffy Group Partners, 2009. Community Development Strategies. Community Development Strategies, 10 March.
Hunt, J., 2013. Engaging with Indigenous Australia— exploring the conditions for effective relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities: Australian Government.
Robertson, R. & McDonald, M., 2011. Working with Indigenous children, families, and communities: Lessons from practice. Working with Indigenous children, families, and communities: Lessons from practice, March.
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