Modern Language Association or MLA style is one of the commonly used referencing formats. This referencing style is mainly used in liberal arts or humanities. Students of humanities have to follow the MLA style referencing to cite sources while working on essays, assignments, and dissertations.
There is no denial of the fact that there are certain tricky aspects of MLA style that are difficult to grasp. Getting poor grades in the term due to mistakes in in-text and referencing style is something that every student dreads. Read the blog to know everything about MLA referencing. If you are a student of humanities, reading this blog is a must for you.
General guidelines of MLA referencing
Although you know the basic rules of MLA style, yet a quick gaze will help you brush your skill. Give it a read.
- All the citations in MLA referencing should be double spaced.
- MLA requires hanging indent. You have to indent after the first line of each entry.
- You need to begin with title if no author is mentioned in the reference
- Italics must be used, especially, for titles of the books and periodicals.
- Alphabetize the first word of the entry.
- Dates are in say, month, year format in MLA style (for e.g-12.9.2018)
- Page numbers can be shortened in MLA referencing. If the number increases from 2 digits to 3, you can write it as (113-20)
- Omit http:// when using online source.
These are the fundamental rules of MLA style that you need to follow. Keep reading to know in details. This blog will provide relevant insight into MLA referencing with examples.
Fundamental rules of MLA referencing
Simply placing information from books, journals, websites, or articles into an academic paper is not acceptable. You have to display the sources of the information to make it more credible to the readers. Therefore, you need to create a reference list after drafting an academic paper.
Every reference list should follow a referencing style. Most of the time, the reference style that you need to follow is instructed by your professors. MLA is a very common style. Here, you will get every detail about MLA reference list.
- General MLA reference style:
The general rule of MLA referencing is to mention the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken. Here are the three basic rules of referencing in the MLA style:
- Starting the citation with the last name of the author of the book or journal.
- The title of the individual page is placed with quotation marks. You need to put a period after that.
- Put the date and page number.
Example: Lee. “Why Stay on Top of Technology Trends?”Vol. 54, no. 2, Feb.-Mar. 2018.
- Sources with two authors:
In case you need to include any book or journal with two authors, you need to use the surnames of both the authors following the name of the source and page number.
Example: Watson & Marley, “How to write a story with a story.” Pg 22, Feb 2016.
- Including a website in the MLA style:
For including website in the reference list, you need to provide the author’s name along with the website. In case there is no name of the author, you have to put the title of the article. The website name should be in italics along with the date. You need to paste the link on your reference list.
Example: Cornell University Library. “Introduction to Research.” Cornell University Library. Cornell University, 2009. Web. 19 June 2009 <http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/intro>.
Create a marvelous reference list by following the MLA style. You can leave your professors dazzled when you present a flawless reference list.
In-texting rules in the MLA style you need to learn
MLA is a style of documentation based on a general methodology. It can be applied to different types of write-ups. The in-text citations are a brief reference within your text that indicates that you have researched well before writing the academic paper. The MLA citation style is also known as parenthetical citation. You need to include citations at the end of the sentences just before giving period.
Let us explore the citation style of MLA referencing:
- Citing a book:
This is the most commonly used citation format in MLA style. In this style, the author’s last name and page numbers from which the quotation is taken must appear in the text. Read the example below to get an idea.
“According to many theories, Human resource is one of the significant aspects that works as a catalyst in business growth (Watson, 283).”
In this example, you can see that the author’s name and page number appear at the end of the sentence. However, the same sentence can be written in a different style.
“Watson stated that according to many theories human resource works as a catalyst in business growth (Pg 263).”
In the second example, the name of the author appears at the beginning of the sentence. Here, the page number appears at the end.
The author page style is the most commonly used MLA style referencing.
- Citing a website:
The location of an online work should include a URL. Remove any “http://” or “https://” tag from the beginning of the URL.
Infectious disease can spread rapidly and without precaution we cannot deal with it (www.govuk.edu/article/vol64,pg596,Oct13)
In the citation, the page and date are mentioned along with the URL.
These are the basic MLA citations rules that you need to follow while writing an academic paper. Follow the above-discussed ways and create a flawless reference list.
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