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Health Promotion and Health Education

Question:

Discuss about the Health Promotion and Health Education.

Answer:

Introduction:

Ottawa Charter refers to the first international conference held in Ottawa on 21st November 1986 with the objective of systematically promoting the pattern of health and wellness of people across the industrialized nations of the world (WHO, 2017). This conference provided ample scope for the discussion warranted in relation to the empowerment of people with respect to the enhancement of their health and associated wellness outcomes. Ottawa Charter emphasized the requirement of undertaking coping mechanisms and psychosocial interventions for effectively establishing the stable state of social, mental and physical well-being among the individuals of various age groups (WHO, 2017). The conference advocated the requirement of utilizing physical capacities as well as personal and social resources for the systematic establishment of healthy life-styles among the masses (WHO, 2017). This essay evidentially discusses the action areas advocated by the Ottawa Charter and their relevance in relation to the configuration of health promotion approaches and nurse’s role for the enhancement of quality of life and wellness outcomes of individuals.

Active areas of the Ottawa Charter include the requirement of undertaking coordinated efforts by all sections of society as well as governmental and non-governmental organizations (WHO, 2017). This further indicates the requirement of customizing the healthcare services in accordance with the local and individualized requirements of the common masses. This systematic customization warrants the enhancement of knowledge of healthcare professionals in relation to the healthcare challenges experienced by the populations of all age groups. Nurse professionals require taking active participation in the activities related to the health promotion, health education and health literacy research across the community environment (Speros, 2011). They must employ evidence-based strategies for enhancing the knowledge base of patients in relation to their disease status and available treatment options. Action areas recommended by the Ottawa Charter advocate the establishment of equity in healthcare sector to facilitate the establishment of the highest level of health potential among individuals (WHO, 2017). Indeed, the accomplishment of this objective warrants the practice of shared decision-making by nurse professionals in coordination with the treated patients as well as the supervising physicians (Mead, et al., 2013). Evidence-based shared decision-making by the healthcare professionals undoubtedly elevates the trust and confidence of the treated patients on the recommended treatment interventions that resultantly enhances their compliance to the therapeutic approaches and reduces their length of stay in the clinical setting (Elwyn, et al., 2012).

Ottawa Charter measures advocate the requirement of creating supportive environments for people in relation to the effective enhancement of their health and wellness (WHO, 2017). The creation of supportive environments is not confined to the common masses and rather required for healthcare professionals as well for the effective execution of qualitative healthcare strategies in various healthcare settings. With this objective in place, the registered nurse professionals should undertake proactive steps for maximizing the process of clinical learning and development for nursing students during their placement in the clinical setting (Henderson, et al., 2010). The process of educational enhancement of nurse professionals should be implemented in a focused manner with the objective of developing elevated level of organizational commitment, self-esteem and self-efficacy for the systematic promotion of quality of healthcare services in various healthcare facilities (Sodeify, Vanaki, & Mohammadi, 2013). Registered nurse leaders should practice caution while evaluating the level of professional competence of their junior nurses in the context of assigning tasks that appropriately match with the level of their clinical expertise. This will resultantly improve the quality of healthcare services and minimize the scope of errors in medical interventions.

The health promotion emblem prescribed by the Ottawa Charter advocates the requirement of strengthening the community action for the effective enhancement of health and wellness of individuals (WHO, 2017). Therefore, nurse professionals require the implementation of community based approaches and population focused interventions for improving the quality of life and health outcomes of people across the community environment (Joyce, et al., 2015). The healthcare settings must undertake educational interventions with the objective of increasing the level of awareness as well as interest of nurses towards the active implementation of community-based approaches for health improvement of individuals across various geographical locations (Young , Acord, Schuler , & Hansen , 2014). Eventually, the clinical facilities must also provide adequate employment opportunities for community nurses for effectively improving the pattern of health and wellness of communities on a wider scale. Health promotion measures by Ottawa Charter further advocate the requirement of mitigating health gaps and associated health inequalities between the societies (WHO, 2017). Therefore, nurse professionals require undertaking knowledge based sessions and educational interventions for effectively improving their skills required for the systematic mitigation of social health inequalities across the community environment (Alonso & Paz, 2014). They must acquire in-depth knowledge regarding the social determinants of health with the objective of practicing evidence-based interventions for improving the accessibility of all sections of society to the healthcare facilities (Quinn & Kumar, 2014). Indeed, equitable administration of healthcare interventions is highly warranted for improving the pattern of health and wellness of people across the community environment.

Health promotion strategies prescribed by the Ottawa Charter advocate the requirement of administration of comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approaches by healthcare professionals for improving the pattern of health, wellness and quality of life of individuals in various age groups (WHO, 2017). Indeed, the administration of multidisciplinary healthcare interventions requires the incorporation of team-spirit as well as team building strategies by the healthcare professionals in the clinical setting. The registered nurse professionals need to facilitate multidisciplinary healthcare approaches with the objective of maximizing the patients’ satisfaction rate and safety while concomitantly reducing their length of stay in the hospital setting (Epstein, 2014). The systematic elevation of patient outcomes is the preliminary objective of administering multidisciplinary healthcare approaches for the patient population. Ottawa Charter considered people as the biggest health resources requiring healthcare interventions for improving their psychosocial and somatic health status (WHO, 2017). Indeed, an improvement in the health and wellness outcomes of people at a larger scale requires the development and establishment of advanced practice nursing across the healthcare settings (Fagerström, 2012). The advanced nursing practice (ANP) seeks to evaluate and treat the chronic as well as unplanned health conditions of patients through the administration of person-centred and holistic healthcare interventions. Therefore nurse professionals need to learn and practice ANP skills for effectively customizing healthcare interventions in accordance with the individualized challenges and treatment requirements of the patient population.

Ottawa Charter advocates the requirement of reorientation of healthcare services with the objective of health enhancement of people while preventing their predisposition towards the acquisition of disease pattern and associated manifestations (Johansson, Stenlund, Lundström, & Weinehall, 2010). The nurse professionals as well as healthcare teams require elevating their skills in relation to the mitigation of the heavy workload, resolution of unclear objectives, overcoming of the inappropriate reward system and absence of managerial support for transforming healthcare services in the clinical setting. The health promotion and disease prevention strategies administered by nursing professionals must consider the requirement of increasing healthcare knowledge of people in effectively minimizing their health hazards across the community environment. Nurse professionals should administer primary care approaches while improving their coordination with other healthcare professionals for systematically preventing the onset and establishment of contagious, acute or chronic disease states across the community environment (Anderson, Hilaire, & Flinter, 2012). Ottawa Charter also advocates the requirement of analysing the ways of living of people for undertaking systematic modification in their quality of life, health pattern and associated wellness outcomes (WHO, 2017). Accordingly, nurse professionals require evaluating living standards and pattern of life for individuals of various age groups with the objective of customizing age appropriate healthcare interventions for improving the wellness outcomes. The nurse professionals should consider the organization of senior living labs for accomplishing the healthcare requirements of the elderly individuals (Riva-Mossman, Kampel, Cohen, & Verloo, 2016). They should implement social innovation strategies and participatory methods for the elderly people in the context of enhancing their life course vision and associated wellness outcomes.

Ottawa Charter conventions advocate the requirement of accomplishing the fundamental attributes pertaining to health and social welfare for the systematic establishment of a healthy society. The establishment of the pattern of health and wellness warrants the administration of community based, holistic and advanced nursing interventions by the qualified and experienced nursing professionals. The nurse professionals must work in a coordinated manner with other multidisciplinary health professionals for accomplishing the health gaps while surpassing the hindrances encountered in establishing healthy societies. Nurse professionals must develop personal skills for the psychosocial and educational enhancement of patient population across the community environment. They should organize and undertake educational sessions for effectively elevating the knowledge of people regarding various disease states and associated adverse outcomes. Nurse professionals need to configure a supportive environment as well as community actions with the objective of customizing healthcare strategies in accordance with the altered living patterns of people of various age groups. The role of registered nurse professionals (as advocated by Ottawa guidelines) is related to the systematic regulation of healthy living conditions warranted for preventing the establishment of health adversities for the individuals of all age groups.

Bibliography

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