Homework is facing a significant backlash around the world in the present era. With more than 60% of high school and college students seeking counselling for severe conditions like clinical depression and anxiety, all of which are brought upon by the school, it can be safely concluded that students are more stressed-out than they should be.
A long-standing education staple, homework is something that almost all students around the world hate with a fiery passion. Truth be said, we can’t blame them, especially if it happens to be the main source of stress that can result in exhaustion, headaches, and lack of sleep.
It is not uncommon for parents, students, and even certain teachers around the world complain about bringing assignments back home. Yet, for millions of children around the world, homework still remains an integral part of their daily lives.
It makes one ponder over significant questions- “Who in their right mind would invent such a thing known as ‘homework’? How did it become a norm in education? What was the initial purpose behind its invention?” In today’s post, let’s find answers to who invented homework and explore the practical value of the homework assigned to students.
Who Invented Homework? A Brief Overview
We can now debate if homework is beneficial or harmful for hours without taking a break like we have been doing since its inception. It might be a good idea for once to pause and comprehend who invented the homework and the purpose behind the invention.
We may never know for sure ‘who was the main founder of homework?’ Countless people and events have influenced its history. Let’s start by looking at its biggest influencer- Roberto Nevilis.
Going back in time, we see that homework was invented by Roberto Nevilis, an Italian pedagogue in 1095. Nevilis was excessively disappointed with the performance of his students. Hours spent in school seem to have no positive impact on the knowledge and skills of the children. As a teacher, he felt that his teachings lost essence as soon as his students left the class.
Disappointed by the fact that the students failed to outperform themselves, he decided to take different measures despite the hard work he invested. Thus, homework was born. However, the homework as we understand today was not the objective of Nevilis. On the contrary, he saw it as an alternative means to punishment as physical punishment was not an option.
When Was Homework Invented?
Due to the innumerable theories that we come across countless search engines, it is difficult to say definitely when homework made its way into our lives. However, it is possible to mention when it was abolished in California. In 1901, it was banned as students from working-class families were supposed to complete chores after school. As a result, they could not complete any tasks at home anyway. Schooling was still a privilege to them, and working in the field was a more reliable way to put food on their table.
But, soon times changed. Children and teens got their constitutional rights to learn and build a good career despite the title, situation, or wealth of their parents. And this very fact made homework anew from scratch. Homework was not seen as a punishment or dull drilling of students but vital learning and developing a tool that would benefit them.
Thus, it is in the early 1900s, homework in its real essence began and previous good teaching experience gave rise to numerous innovative and student-friendly methods. Memorizing lost its grounds to more creative tasks that matched the age and intellectual abilities of students brilliantly.
Why Was Homework Invented?
Who doesn’t love history? We all love reading about ancient times, the appearance of new trends or the biographies of our favourite figures. This is the reason why it does not come as a surprise when students wonder when homework appeared.
If you go through remarkable ‘who invented homework’ example tutorials, you would realise that almost all traditional educators believe that homework is a vital component of an effective education system. It is an outstanding way to improve independence, creativity, initiative, and the individuality of a student.
Thus, apart from learning who invented homework, it is also crucial to comprehend the factors which made it so important-
- Due to multiple subjects being taught in educational institutions, students simply tend to forget the material. It assimilates in their minds, but homework helps to remember the forgotten data efficiently.
- Mastering of complex topics requires the assimilation and comprehension of students. Doing homework fulfils this very purpose.
- It is impossible to boost the abilities and talents of every student in the class which could be only accomplished through homework.
- The role of homework is indispensable when it comes to developing the creative imagination and the ability to work independently of a student.
- With the aid of memorisation mechanisms, it can be ensured that the facts and concepts learned in the class are forever stored in the memory of a student.
What Are The Main Purposes Of Homework?
The role of homework in the life of a student has always been debated not just by those who played a crucial role in the invention of homework. Even today, most people tend to believe that homework is not mandatory for acing the studied material. But, countless researches and statistics only prove the opposite.
To summarise the answer to the question ‘who invented homework and why’ we have enlisted the primary objectives of the homework assignment below-
- Students learn to use all the information sources available to them.
- They get to study at hours they select for themselves, and at their own pace.
- They get to design their own learning plan and monitor progress themselves.
- Pupils learn to study without external control and estimation.
- At home, they can prevent working in a hurry.
- They can make as many mistakes and drafts as required, and no one would grade them for failed attempts.
- They get the chance to retain the classroom material in their memory and repeat the previously gained knowledge as many as times as possible.
So, it can be safely said that homework not only enables you to consolidating what you already know and hugely contribute to revisions. But, it also helps in the development of creativity, strong will, and discipline.
How Homework Enhances The Quality of The Education System?
It is crucial to comprehend that the primary objective of homework isn’t controlling students and punishing them! It is just one of the remarkable ways to systematise all the studied material and memorise it well. Without homework, students would not be able to develop much-needed essential skills. Of course, teachers also offer a great deal of information on a specific topic but the primary task of homework is to combine that knowledge along with practical tasks. Through homework, students are required to demonstrate how well they learned and comprehended the subject.
Most experienced psychologists insist the presence of homework is quite crucial to assimilate both knowledge and activity methods. It helps students think outside the box, find the needed knowledge required to solve a certain task, develop new skills, plan their time efficiently, and apply new skills and knowledge in the future.
Without completing homework, students would deprive themselves of mastering all the vital skills of educational work.
When the person who discovered homework ushered in a crucial tool to the educational sector, he perhaps never knew how spectacular it is. Was homework considered to be a punishment when it was discovered? Yes. But, today things have changed so much with time. In the present era, homework is considered to be a perfect opportunity to take a closer look at the subject of interest. This way, it allows the students to sharpen his/her skills, perform remarkably in the exams, and develop a career.
If a student fails to complete homework, he wastes a precious golden opportunity to learn more and become a better person. Thus, avoid falling in this group. It is high time you now turn homework into a success springboard.
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